The study was led by the Network of Education Policy Centers (NEPC) and it was conducted in eight countries in Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkans and Central Asia. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the practice of separate education on civic culture of students belonging to different ethnic/linguistic groups, comparing their attitudes toward a number of issues that are usually included in the concept of democratic citizenship (e.g. the right to participate in policy processes, the right to protest, gender equality, equality between citizens of different ethnic groups). Another issue that the study deals with is the possibility of overcoming the tendency of segregation in the national education systems of countries participating in this research.

The research was conducted during 2008 and 2009 in 3 phases: a preliminary analysis of government policies and practices related to divided schools for ethnic/linguistic minorities, interviews with policy makers, focus groups with students and teachers and questionnaire survey with students and teachers.