This research has included a brief overview and analysis of the inclusive education and its application in the educational system in BiH. Overview of the current situation was based on the analysis of collected secondary data (laws, strategies, policies, reports, official statistics).

Education reform which started in 2002 in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2002 started to promote inclusive education in the country.

The ratification of relevant international documents has led to the introduction of the national policy framework and procedures of inclusive education, but the harmonization of the laws was slow and difficult due to the complexity of the decision making structures in BiH.

Inclusive education means that schools should accept all children regardless of their physical, intellectual, social, emotional, linguistic or other characteristics. This especially applies to disabled or gifted children, children from remote or nomadic populations, children belonging to linguistic, ethnic or cultural minorities and children from other disadvantaged or marginalized areas or categories.